It was just a few years ago that the first-ever fully functional and habitable house was printed using a large-scale industrial printer. There’s no denying that 3D printing has revolutionized the construction industry, and there are now a number of companies around the world offering homes that have been entirely or partially printed using additive manufacturing technology.
If you’ve always been curious, despite these houses being built using cutting-edge technology, do 3D printed houses have basements? Several types of additively manufactured homes can have basements. However, not all do, and it depends on the type of printer that is being used. Other factors including the type of foundation and surface on which the house is being built, can also impact whether or not a basement is possible.
Whether you’re on the verge of deciding whether a 3D printed home is right for you and your family or a basement is simply an essential part of your dream home, this guide will explore the probability of having basements in a 3D printed house.
Also check out our post titled “Can You Live in A 3D Printed House? Are People Actually Living in Them!“
Basements in 3D Printed Houses
The popularity of 3D housing is on the rise and is expected to rapidly deal with the world’s housing crisis. This has resulted in several companies venturing into the market using additive technology to build homes from the ground up. The question remains whether this technology can provide all the features that a home needs, including a basement. (Source)
In many cases, it is possible to have a basement in a 3D-printed house. However, it is not always possible, and depends on a number of factors. In this section, we’ll take a look at these two factors and what you need to know before deciding whether or not 3D printing is the right construction method for you.
Type of Printer
One of the most significant factors that determine whether or not you can have a basement in your additively manufactured home is the type of printer being used. Considering that 3D printing is fairly new in the house construction industry, there is a limited number of machines that are capable of printing an entire house.
The COBOD BOD2 printer is one of the few printers that have made the headlines because of its capability not only to create multiple story houses but also one that has a basement too (Source).
BOD stands for Building on Demand, which is the company’s slogan, and it is one of the first companies to offer homes that are printed using modular construction technology.
This type of printer uses a concrete mixture that is extruded through a nozzle to create the layers of the house. The concrete is then cured using UV light, and the process is repeated until the desired number of layers is reached. The COBOD BOD printer can print homes that are up to four stories high and has a basement option too.
Type of Foundation and Surface
Another factor determining whether a basement can be included in your additively manufactured home is the type of foundation and surface on which the house will be built. In most cases, a concrete slab is used as the foundation for these homes.
However, if you’re planning to build your house on an uneven or sloped surface, it might not be possible to have a basement. Although there’s a 45-degree allowance for a successful 3D home printing on a sloped surface, a basement would require a foundation that is level or close to it (Source).
For more on 3d house foundation, check out our post titled ” Do 3D Printed Houses Have a Foundation? Materials and Methods“